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Early Map of Dutch and English settlements in Long Island

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Early Map of Dutch and English in LI

Long Island Studies Institute
This is a Dutch map; the cartographer was Nicholaes Visscher. The detail seen above prominently features the Dutch words Lange Eylandt, for Long Island, over the Algonquian word Matouwacs. The map reflects the growth of Dutch and English settlements on Long Island, including "S. Holt'' on the North Fork, for Southold, and "Garner's Eylant,'' for the island owned by Englishman Lion Gardiner. It also shows the island as a land mass and not a series of islands divided by channels, as on the Blaeu map. The map is the first to feature the evidence of the Hempstead Plains, according to cartography scholar David Allen, author of "Long Island Maps and Their Makers: Five Centuries of Cartographic History'' (Amereon Ltd.). The plains are designated here by the words "Gebroken Landt,'' for broken land.

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