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Map of Long Island by Dutch in 1635

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State University at Stony Brook Library, Special Collections
Department Dutch cartographer William Janszoon Blaeu based this 1635 map on charts drawn after the 1613-14 journey of Adrian Block. The map is notable for its illustrations, such as the Indian canoes in the ocean. Blaeu also depicted Long Island as a series of islands, not a large landmass. The Algonquian word "Matouwacs'' is not easily translated today, but a 19th Century linguist believed it meant "Island of the Periwinkle.'' The map is unusual to today's eye because it is oriented with west at the top. (courtesy www.lihistory.com)

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