|The following articles were published
from the newspaper "The Long Island Democrat" on June 29, and July 6, 1836
which describes how the village of Jamaica celebrated the 60th anniversary
of American Independence on July
4, 1836. Researched
by Carl Ballenas
The Long Island
June 29, 1836
Arrangements have been made to celebrate the day, in the village, in
good style. The Young Men’s Committee have been unweared in their exertions
in procuring ordinance, music &c. The fireworks purchased under their
supervision embrace a large variety of articles in the Pyrotechnic line,
such as Roses, Diamonds, Battle Pieces, Serpents, Wheels, &c. &c.
Nearly two hundred dollars have been expended for this purpose. They deserve
ORDER OF THE DAY
For The Celebration in the Village Of
Jamaica, of the Sixtieth Anniversary
of American Independence
The day will be ushered in by the ringing of the several bells for one
hour and by a salute of Artillery and Flags and Banners waving. At nine
o’clock the citizens will dispense with such business as might interfere
with the festivities of the day and the citizens and military begin to
assemble at the Square near Abraham Snedeker’s Inn. At ten o’clock a procession
to be formed and move through the center of the village as far as Canal
street, and from thence to the Rev. Dr. Schoonmaker’s church, formed in
the following manner:
Marshal and Aids
Band of Music
Reader of the Declaration of Independence
Committee of Arrangement
Trustees of the Village
Civil Officers of State, County and Towns
Military Officers in Uniform
When the procession has arrived and in order at the
Church the exercise will proceed thus, viz
Introductory by the Choir
Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Schoonmaker
Reading of the Declaration of Independence by
Wessell S. Smith, Esq.
ORATION - by John Mills
Prayer and Blessing by the Rev. Mr. Crane
After the Exercises at the Church the Procession will be re-formed and
proceed to Abraham Snedeker’s Inn, there to partake in dinner, and unite
in patriotic sentiments and songs.
Salutes will be fired at proper intervals during the day and there
will be a brillant display of fire works at 8 o’clock in the
evening announced by two signal rockets, followed by thirteen rockets together,
for the thirteen original states, and soon after twenty six rockets together,
for the present number of the United States.
William J. Cogswell, Esq. Is Marshall of the day; and at the Church,
Mr. Daniel Cornwell and Mr. John Bennet will be in attendance at ten o’clock
to conduct the Ladies to their seats.
The center of the lower part of the Church, and the singing will be
reserved until all the persons in the procession, and the Choir are in
Tickets for the dinner may be obtained at the stores of Messrs. Herriman
and Brush in the village of Jamaica, and at the Inn of Abraham Snedeker.
The Long Island Democrat
July 6, 1836
THE FOURTH OF JULY
In this village (Jamaica) was ushered in by a merry peal of bells and
the roar of cannon and musketry; every description of fire arms were put
in requisitions, from the pocket pistol to the six pounder, procured for
the express purpose, by the Young Men’s Committee; and fired off under
the direction of Capt. David Stewart: the little boys contributed their
share of noise by firing off lots of crackers. Some anxiety prevailed in
the morning, with the ladies, respecting the fireworks, fearful, from appearances
that the weather would prevent them from witnessing the exhibition.
At nine o’clock the citizens and military began to assemble on the
green, near Snedeker’s Inn, for the purpose of forming a procession, which
when formed proceeded up Fulton street to Canal street, thence to the Rev.
Dr. Schoonmaker’s church, where after prayer, ode, &c. the Declaration
of Independence was read by Wessell S. Smith, Esq. And an oration delivered
by Mr. John Mills. A portion of our fellow citizens think the oration savoured
too much of Whiggism. Other engagements prevented our attendance
at the Church - so we do not give any opinion of the mooted question.
It will be seen that a correspondent, in another column, has alluded
to the oration; if Mr. Mills wishes to vindicated himself, we will cheerfully
insert his replication.
After the exercise at the Church were concluded, the company, proceeded
to the Inn of Mr. Abraham Snedeker, where they partook of a very good dinner.
After the cloth was removed a number of toasts were drank and mirth and
hilarity prevailed until some slight misunderstanding occurred respecting
the reading of a toast, which led to a political altercation; we were not
present at the time that the occurrence took place, we understand, however,
that an explanation was finally made.
The fireworks in the evening were very splendid; the young men deserve
great credit for their exertions in superintending this part of the celebration;
independent of the labor of collecting the money for and purchasing them,
they experienced great difficulty in keeping them from the damp air of
the evening; this accounts for the lateness of the exhibition.
We should not forget to mention the military; Captain Onderdonk’s company
of calvary, and the Brooklyn cadets visited us on this occasion; they made
a very handsome soldier-like appearance.
1. The Day we celebrate - The anniversary of our independence. Let it
be a Jubilee to the American people.
2. Our Native land. None can love it as truly - none defend it as bravely
who owe allegiance to it alone.
3. The Memory of Washington.
4. The memory of James Madison, lately gone from us - his illustrious
has immortalized his name, and rendered his memory sacred.
5. The President of the United States.
6. The governor of the State of New York.
7. The age we live in - Remarkable for the boldness
of its political opinions, the reformation of ancient governments, and
the wide spread system of public instructions.
8. American Industry and Enterprise - The grand capital
stock of the nation, hitherto above par in every market - May it never
be brought below, by unlawful strikes and combinations.
9. The City of New York - The spirit and enterprise
of her citizens are unequaled - she rises like the Phoenix from her ashes.
10. The City of Brooklyn - the handmaid of New York, and
only two miles and a half from Jamaica - we are most happy to call her
11. The Long Island Railroad companies - May their work be speedy,
Feelings reciprocal, and their stock 150.
12. The Village of Jamaica - Prosperous and happy within herself, and
and willing to make others happy.
13. The American Fair - We love them, and they love us, and that’s
After the regular toasts, were finished, the following volunteers were
By the President. - The Orator of the Day.
By the Marshal. - The Reader of the Declaration of Independence.
By Wessell S. Smith of Jamaica. - The Declaration of the Independence
- while it eloquently proclaims the wrongs and injuries of our then suffering
country, it asserts rights of the human family, in language which will
ever be referred to whenever despotism seeks to enchain the liberties of
By J. Hoxie. - The spirit of Improvement - Empathetically the spirit
of the age in which we live - to it we are indebted not only for the discovery
of our country, but for that development of her vast resources which render
her at once the admiration and the envy of the world.
By Wm. H. Darroll of Hempstead. - The inhabitants of Jamaica - Though
in the full tide of prosperity, we have this day a sure evidence, that
they never will forget the rights of hospitality.
By Abraham H. Van Wyck. - The Village of Jamaica - very near a city.
By J. C. Smith. - The Union of the States what God hath joined together,
let no man put asunder.
By William M’Neil - Rufus King - the patriot, statesman and soldier
- his memory is dear to Long Island.
By W. R. Gracie. - National Wealth and a surplus revenue - separate
and distinct properties. National wealth consists in the virtue and intelligence
of a people - the other in cash, which is useful only when subservient
to the first.
By W. S. Smith of North Hempstead - The tree of Liberty - may it flourish
and expand till all the nations of the earth shall shelter beneath its
branches, and there shall be none to make them afraid.
By Mr. Spader. - Captain Combs and the Brooklyn Cadets, who have honored
us with their presence this day - may they always be ready when their services
By Mr. Simonson of the Brooklyn Cadets - The Ladies of Long Island
- our arms their protection - their arms our rewards.
By Mr. Bernardus Hendrickson, of Hempstead. - While we commemorate
living excellence let us not forget departed worth - John Jay, R. Fulton,
DeWitt, Clinton, and Rufus King.
By W. Tayler. - Commodore Hull - Let us never forget twas the United
States first taught Great Britain that the empire of the seas had departed
By W. R. Gracie. - While the States enjoy the deposit of the Surplus
may they consider the application of its interest to the establishment
of agricultural seminaries - certain sources of National Wealth.
By Abner Chichester. - Gen. Nathaniel Woodhull - while the American
Revolution continues to be subject of gratitude with the people of Long
Island, the memory of General Woodhull will be cherished among their fondest
By John Pettit. - The memory of the heroes & soldiers of the American
revolution - these who lost their lives in the cause of liberty - may they
enjoy the liberty of heaven which they were fighting for on earth as these
who lived through the battles have enjoyed liberty we do wish those who
died the same.
By Capt. Onderdonk. - General Samuel Houston, the Conqueror of Santa
Anna and the deliverer of Texas - while patriotism, bravery and valor are
appreciated, his name will be remembered with gratitude and veneration.
By B. J. Lewis. - The memory of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James
Madison - authors of the Federalist.
By Wm. J. Cogswell, marshal of the day. - The Laws and Constitution
of the United States - the people only refuge from anarchy and despotism,
they must be maintained at all hazards.
By Thomas Bradlee. - May an honest difference of views cease to be
deemed criminal among the patriotic and Christian people of a republican
land, possessing the charter and inherent rights declared July 4, 1776.
By I. F. Jones. - The Heroes of ’76; Signers of the Declaration - Champions
on freedom’s muster roll - their deeds rehearsed are the Revised Statues
for posterity to go by.
By Wessell S. Smith, of Jamaica. - The Plough - may it’s one share
in the bank, always pay the farmer a handsome dividend.
By James Baylis. - Agricultural Interest - Never dependent on Legislative
protection, but on personal industry - may they never be sacrificed to
promote either the ends of the ambitious or the designs of avarice.
By E. Arthur - The spirit of ’76 - whilst this spirit continues, to
animate the bosoms of the sons of those sires, we have no fear for the
liberties of our country.
By S. Ely - The memory of three departed worthies, John Adams, Thomas
Jefferson and James Madison.
By John Spader. - The memory of Gen. Lafayette.
By S. E. Sherman, on behalf of the yopung men’s committee. - The Jamaica
By John Simonson. - John A. King, the President of the table, an old
resident of Queens County.
By Henry I. Hagner. - Common Schools - the best safeguards of our liberties.
By E. Arthur. - Partisan and political animosity - may they ever be
banished from the commemoration of this day.
By Charles Taylor. - The Locomotive - if that is not original, what
By Caleb Weeks. - Here’s to the United States and brave General Gates,
who in history and glory shine - who by the blessings of heaven, in the
year ’77, conquered the imported Burgoyne.
(For the Democrat)
The insult offered to the Democratic portion of our fellow citizens
who joined in the recent celebration of our national independence is such
as should not be lightly passed over. In the church, where a sense of propriety
forbids an insulted audience from expressing their disapprobation of a
political discourse, injury was added to insult; and the banqueting hall
where hilarity and mutual forbearance should prevail was converted into
a political arena. This studied unkindness is insufferable. An audience
assembled to hear a patriotic not a political oration are compelled to
listen to a lecture on their alleged misdeeds. They are compelled to listen
to carpings and innuendoes against their rulers-nay they are forced to
join in toasts complimenting the Orator of the day, who so far forgot his
duty and the plainest dictates of good sense, as to remind the Democrats
of their political sins. But this was too much for Freemen to bear; and
the Democracy plainly let the misguided orator know that they could feel
and would resent an insult. What a few intriguing men wish thus to cram
their narrow sentiments down our throats and assume to themselves the management
of a celebration in which all have an equal right to think and act, may
they ever be put down. So long as the health of our venerable President
shall be hissed, let every democrat fling the glass from his lips when
the name of Webster is proposed.
DEATH OF JAMES MADISON
Fourth President of the United States
This honored and venerable patriot died on Tuesday, 28th inst. at his
residence, Montpelier, Virginia, after a short illness, at the age of eighty-six
years and three months. He was born in Virginia, March 17th, 1750.
In the year 1776 he was elected a member of the Legislature of his
native state, and in the following year a member of its council. He was
next a member of the Congress of the Revolution and of the convention which
framed the Constitution of the United States. In 1801 he was made Secretary
of State under President Jefferson. In 1809 he was himself inaugurated
President, and again in the year 1813. In 1817 he retired to private life.
Archer (Archer Avenue) / The
Famed at Maple Grove Cemetery
Historic Places of Richmond Hill,
NY / Noteworthy
People of Richmond Hill, NY